Hansen's Chinese 5H Weebly Portfolio

L19: 颜色的含义

1.      要不然

·         Otherwise

·         “要不然”is used at the beginning of the second clause of a sentence to indicate the result or consequence which would be caused by the opposite situation or action to that introduced in the first clause.

·         因为你不喜欢化学,要不然咱们就去迪斯尼玩吧。

·         考SAT一定要考一千五以上,要不然就不能上一个好大学。

2.      向来

·         Always (up to the present)

·         “向来”indicates that a situation has always been the case from the past up to now. It often refers to habits or routines.

·         他向来每天早上五点钟出去跑步。

·         他向来都喜欢吃茄子。

3.      按照

·         According to

·         按照他的建议,我应该去饭馆里打工。

·         按照加州的法律,你不能一边开车一边拿着电话将电话。

4.      者

·         -er; -ist

·         “者”is used (1) after a noun, a verb, or an adjective to indicate a person or people; (2) to indicate things that have been mentioned before.

·         水,食物;一定要有这两者才能生活。

·         这个文章是小新写的,所以他设个文章的作者。

5.      之所以。。。,是因为

·         The reason why

·         “之所以”is used right after the subject in the first clause of a sentence to introduce the reason for something. “是因为”emphasizes the reason or the clause in the second clause. It is more often used in written language.

·         学生之所以喜欢珍珠奶茶是因为那个饮料又甜又好吃。

·         我之所为学化学是因为我喜欢它。

6.      化

·         -ize; -ify

·         “化”is a verbal suffix indicating a quality or state brought about after change.

·         最近,中国的变化特别大。

·         中国应该多种一点树因为它们可以净化那里的脏空气。

7.      既然。。。,就

·         Since…, (then)…

·         “既然”is used either before or after the subject of a sentence to introduce a situation or fact which already exists, and“就”introduces the result or conclusion in the second clause.

·         既然美国没有钱了,她就得从中国借钱。

·         既然你现在特别困,你就应该去睡觉。