Hansen's Chinese 5H Weebly Portfolio

L15: 节日的食品

1.      尽管。。。还是

·         Although; despite

·         “尽管”often implies a concession of some kind and it is often used in conjunction with “还是”in the second clause. “尽管”can be used either before or after the subject, but “还是”appears after the subject only.

·         尽管这曲子没有练好,我们还是要去演出。

·         尽管外面下着大雨,我还是要出去跑步。

2.      单音节形容词+双生后缀

·         Single syllable adjectives can be followed by two syllable suffixes to make the tone of speaking lively, for example “热腾腾”,“香喷喷”

·         我参观来早了,展览馆里面冷清清的没有人。

·         妈妈给我蒸了热腾腾的包子吃。

3.      V好

·         Verb complement

·         “好”is a verb complement, which is used after a verb to indicate the completion of an action.

·         我把晚饭已经做好了。

·         他已经把他的作文给写好了。

4.      则

·         Then

·         “则”is used more often in the written language. It indicates a relation of causality or reasoning between two clauses, but is often left untranslated in the English version of the sentences

·         如果你好好学习,则会拿到一个好成绩。

·         每天骑车上学则可以锻炼身体。

5.      原先。。。后来

·         Formerly…later; originally…after

·         “原先。。。后来”connects two sentences in a time sequence.

·         我原先拉小提琴,后来改拉大提琴了。

·         我原先住在纽约,后来搬到加州了。

6.      V下来/下去

·         Directional complement

·         When “下来”is used after a verb, it indicates the continuation of an activity from the past until the present, but “下去”indicates the continuation of an activity without any reference to time.

·         他学中文学了十年,终于给学下来了。

·         学数学要从小学一直学下去。

·         “V下来/下去”also expresses direction of movement. For example, “下去”is used to indicate movement downward and away from the speaker. “下来”indicates movement downward and towards the speaker

·         我把盘子从冰箱上面拿下来了。

·         我已经把沙发搬下去了。